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常见的目的状语

发表日期:2018-10-31    点击:

目的状语是用以补充说明主句中谓语动词发生的从句,下面我们一起看看,有哪些常见的目的状语。

一、用to do sth表目的

用不定式表目的是最简单也是最常用的方法,它既可以用于句末,也可用于句首,但比较而言,用于句首时,其强调意味较浓。如:

After missing a term through illness he had to work hard to catch up with the others. 他因病一学期未上课,得努力赶上其他同学。

To avoid any delay please phone your order direct. 为免延误,请直接打电话预订。

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二、用so as to do sth表目的

so as to do sth是to do sth的变体,意思是“以便”“为了”“为的是”等。用so as to do sth表示目的时,它通常用于句末。如:

I left a message so as to be sure of contacting her. 我留下了张条子以便与她取得联系

The two lovers dropped back so as to be alone. 那对情人落在后面,为的是两人好单独在一起。


三、用in order to do sth表目的

in order to do sth也是to do sth的变体。用in order to do sth表示目的时,它既可以用于句末,也可用于句首,但比较而言,用于句首时,其强调意味较浓。如:

She lied about her age in order to get the job. 她为了谋得那份工作隐瞒了年龄。

She arrived early in order to get a good seat. 她到得很早,图的是得个好座位。

Teamwork is required in order to achieve these aims. 完成这些目标需要团队合作。

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四、用so that表目的

so as to和so that均可表示目的,两者的区别是,前者引出不定式,后者用以引导目的状语从句。与用so as to do sth表示目的的情形相似,so that引导的目的状语从句通常位于主句之后。如:

I will give him a key so that he can get into the house whenever he likes. 我会给他一把钥匙,好让他能随时进来。

I got here early so that we could have a few minutes alone together. 我到这儿早些是为了我们能单独在一起待几分钟。

They wrote the notices in several languages so that foreign tourists could understand them. 他们把通知用几国文字写出来,以便让各国游客都能看得懂。


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